By Leila Macor -
AN oasis in the California desert, Palm Springs says it is committed to saving water — but not before filling its swimming pools and tending to its dozens of verdant golf courses.
Set in the Coachella Valley southeast of Los Angeles, the famously well-heeled town known as a refuge for retired Hollywood stars sits atop a huge aquifer able to provide for the 400,000 residents of the region’s 10 towns.
Despite its parched setting and baking temperatures, the valley plays host to regular golf competitions and the Indian Wells tennis championship, as well as one of America’s biggest music festivals. For now, the aquifer — an underground layer of rock containing some 50 billion cubic metres of water — meets the valley’s daily needs, 16 per cent of which goes to keeping the roughly 100 local golf courses green. But with the ample water supply comes waste.
An average household in Palm Springs consumes some 1,233 cubic metres of water a year, twice as much as the average US home, which itself uses one of the highest figures worldwide. “When you compare (us) to other places in the state, our number is high, we know this,” said Heather Engel, communications director for the Coachella Valley Water District, in an interview said.
But “our consumption is going down. In recent years people are becoming more conscious and aware of the need to conserve water.” It may take more than a change in attitude to truly make a difference, according to experts.
Noah Garrison, a lawyer and analyst at the Natural Resources Defence Council, points to landscaping as a fundamental problem. “We are in a desert or Mediterranean climate, and yet we have huge expanses of lawns, golf courses (and) other areas that require vast amounts of water,” Garrison said.
“Landscaping in general in Southern California doesn’t make sense for the climate we are in,” he added.
“In order to make sure that we are able to meet our water needs in the future, we need to be smarter about the way we use water now.”
While the aquifer is a key source of water for Palm Springs, the district also pumps water from the Colorado River and ice from mountains to top up its supplies and stop subsidence in the valley, which has sunk 20 cm in the last 15 years.
The district has implemented water-saving measures, including pricing that penalises waste.